Thane

Originally meaning a servant, the term was applied from the late 9c to members of the AS aristocracy, whose *wergeld was 1,200s. In Latin texts they were called ministri, which carries the same connotations. The standing of a thegn depended on that of his lord: one who served the king was a king's thegn; one who served a lord other than the king (i.e. bishop, abbot, earl or greater thegn) was a median (i.e. middling) thegn. All were noble and outranked the *ceorl; distinctions between them were marked by the amount due as *heriot. Duties of the median thegn were set out in *Rectitudines Singularum Personarum: 'The law of the thegn is that he be entitled to his bookright, and that he shall contribute three things in respect of his land: armed service, and the repairing of fortresses and work on bridges [the *trimoda necessitas]. Also in respect of many estates, further service arises on the king's order such as service connected with the deer fence [*deorhege] at the king's residence, and equipping a guardship, and guarding the coast, and guarding the lord, and military watch, almsgiving and church dues, and many other things.' Such duties were owed by the king's thegn to the king himself. The latinised forms are tainus, teignus. [< OldEngl. degen = servant, follower] -

Dictionary of Medieval Terms and Phrases. .

Look at other dictionaries:

  • thane — [ tan ] n. m. • 1765; thain ou than 1740; mot angl., a. angl. thegn « soldat, héros », a. teuton thegno, du gr. teknos « enfant » ♦ Hist. En Écosse, Titre que le roi accordait à certains nobles, à certains hommes d armes, et qui, plus tard, fut… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Thane — Thane …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Thane — (th[=a]n), n. [OE. thein, [thorn]ein, AS. [thorn]egen, [thorn]egn; akin to OHG. degan a follower, warrior, boy, MHG. degen a hero, G. degen hero, soldier, Icel. [thorn]egn a thane, a freeman; probably akin to Gr. te knon a child, ti ktein to bear …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • thane — O.E. þegn military follower, also servant, attendant, from P.Gmc. *thegnas (Cf. O.S. thegan follower, warrior, boy, O.N. þegn thane, freeman, O.H.G. thegan, Ger. Degen thane, warrior, hero ), from PIE *tek no (Cf. Skt. takman descendant, child …   Etymology dictionary

  • Thane — Thane, Mehrzahl von Than (s.d.); daher Thaneland, bei den Angelsachsen so v.w. Herrengut …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Thane — Thane, vom angelsächsischen Thegene, ursprünglich die Dienstmannen des königl. Geleites, später gleichbedeutend mit Barone; in Schottland wurde der Titel T. durch Earl verdrängt …   Herders Conversations-Lexikon

  • Thane — Thane,   Thana, Stadt im Bundesstaat Maharashtra, im Westen Indiens, nordöstlich von Bombay, 796 600 Einwohner; vorwiegend Wohnvorort von Bombay; chemische, Textilindustrie …   Universal-Lexikon

  • thane — [θeın] n a man who fought for the King but was below the rank of a ↑knight in early English history …   Dictionary of contemporary English

  • thane — [ θeın ] noun count in English history, a man who was given land in exchange for fighting for the king or another important person …   Usage of the words and phrases in modern English

  • thane — ► NOUN 1) (in Anglo Saxon England) a man granted land by the king or a nobleman, ranking between a freeman and a hereditary noble. 2) (in Scotland) a man who held land from a Scottish king and ranked with an earl s son. ORIGIN Old English,… …   English terms dictionary

  • thane — [thān] n. [ME thayne < OE thegen, akin to ON thegn < IE base * tek , to engender, beget > Sans takman , child: basic sense “freeborn man”] 1. in early England, a member of a class of freemen who held land of the king or a lord in return… …   English World dictionary

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